RE Pharmacy realizes the managing of multiple medications can be confusing. The pharmacists at RE Pharmacy specialize in helping patients understand their prescription drugs, and address any concerns that patients may have.
IRRITABLE BOWEL DISEASE (IBD)
IBD develops due to inflammation in the intestine which can result in bleeding, fever, elevation of the white blood cell count, as well as diarrhea and cramping abdominal pain. There is no definitive explanation for the development of the disease, but the process could possibly be viral, bacterial, or allergic, initially inflames the small or large intestine and, depending on genetic predisposition, results in the development of antibodies which chronically “attack” the intestine, leading to inflammation. The abnormalities in IBD can usually be visualized by a CT scan or colonoscopy. There are two different classes of IBD which is either crohn’s disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC).
Crohn’s disease (CD)
It is a chronic disease that can cause inflammation anywhere from the mouth to the anus anywhere along the lining of the digestive tract affecting the small intestine and the colon. The disease can show up along different parts of the digestive tract in a continuous or patchy distribution. It typically involves both the superficial and deep layers of the intestinal wall. Abdominal pain and cramping, persistent diarrhea (loose, watery, numerous bowel movements), blood in the stool and fever are hallmark symptoms of CD. Ulcers of the mouth, a lack of appetite, fatigue, nausea and vomiting and unexplained weight loss may also develop and could lead to nutritional deficiencies over time.
Ulcerative colitis (UC)
It’s an inflammation of the lining of the colon and rectum, together known as the large intestine. This inflammation causes irritation in the lining of the large intestine which leads to the symptoms of UC. Though UC always affects the lowest part of the large intestine (the rectum), in some patients it can be present throughout the entire colon. It depends on the severity and how much of the colon is affected but symptoms can include rectal bleeding, diarrhea, mild abdominal cramping, stool urgency, and tenesmus (discomfort and the feeling that you have not completely emptied your rectum after a bowel movement).